at 10H30 | 520 AD

Sustainable Innovations in the Field of Research

Presented by: Centre interdisciplinaire de recherche en opérationalisation du développement durable (CIRODD)
Moderated by: Luce Beaulieu, CIRODD
Energy transition

- Towards smart and more sustainable use of ICTs

The smart use of ICTs could significantly reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. A first example will show how GHG emissions from a data center network can be minimized using real-time information collected on electricity generation. The second will explain how this data can also be used by machine learning to minimize GHG emissions for smart homes. Finally, there will also be a presentation of two new standards being developed by IEEE's GreenICT Initiative to facilitate smart ICT applications. The first is to improve the accuracy of the real-time calculation of ICT emissions. The second provides a framework for minimizing emissions from data center networks in the context of cloud computing.

- Bioenergies and energy transition

In transports, although Quebec energy transition strategy seems focused on the sole electrification, the transition to a 100% electric car park will not occur according to the best motivations and predictions of the governments. Notwithstanding all measures taken to favor public transport, improving mobility, and subsidising electric cars, the complete replacement of the explosion or diesel engine car park will take over 25 years. As the Province of Quebec owns large quantities of harvest residues forest biomass and large hydroelectric capacities, the production of second generation 100% renewable “drop-in” quality biofuels appears like a solution to favourable solution. The BELT project will serve to illustrate the proposed solution as a significant contribution to GHG reduction in transports.

- Comparison of energy sectors

Presentation of a comparative study of the environmental footprint of the various electricity production systems and electrical clusters in different regions of the world. The data relating to the impacts of different electricity production sectors were collected using a bibliographic review of LCAs carried out in this field. They concerned the production of electricity by non-renewable (natural gas, coal, fuel oil or nuclear) or renewable (hydroelectricity, solar, wind or biomass) thermal sectors. More than sixty representative reports or articles, published since 2007, were identified and analyzed. The data collected was also compared to that obtained in a previous study conducted by CIRAIG for Hydro-Québec on the impacts of its hydroelectricity production sectors.

- Québec's Transition Master Plan, Innovation and Energy Efficiency

By 2023, more than half of Québec's energy needs will be met by renewable energy sources. Quebec's energy transition must gradually eliminate fossil fuels from its energy balance by 2050. To achieve this, we must rely on a strategy composed of concrete measures that can be implemented quickly, and focus on new approaches and innovation. Québec's Master Plan for Transition, Innovation and Energy Efficiency presents all the measures that could contribute to a reduction of GHGs of 5.4 million tonnes of CO2 by 2023. Find out how Québec plans to improve energy efficiency by 1.2% annually and reduce petroleum product consumption by 12.2% compared to 2013.