– Stormwater Retention Basins in a Freeway Environment: Tools for the Renaturalization of the Urban Fabric
Increasingly more stormwater retention basins are being built in urban areas. These structures, which are often located in anthropic and ecologically poor areas, make it possible to restore lost ecological functions, namely by creating areas of biodiversity. Basins that have been or are being built on the territory of the Capitale-Nationale show that the application of simple principles maximizes the environmental value of these structures. Fauna and flora management can result in the creation of productive riparian ecotones and the development of a type of biodiversity typical of certain wetlands. When optimized, these basins reintegrate ecological services that are not offered in vast undeveloped areas to the urban fabric. Basins also contribute to invasive alien species control and ecosystem connectivity in damaged environments.