– Energy Efficiency to Energy Sufficiency

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Energy sufficiency is drawing attention in Europe as a means to restrict and reduce the total energy consumption of households and societies. To reduce energy consumption, energy efficiency can help alleviate pressure on resources. However, energy-saving goals can only be reached by utilizing technical solutions, which require raw materials, industrial processes, time to be implemented, and therefore, energy. Thus, energy consumption is more dependent on the structure of our societies than on technical progress. Achieving sufficiency means facing overconsumption and the depletion of resources by limiting the damage and fostering human and ecological welfare. Energy sufficiency is the state where the fundamental needs of people in terms of energy services are equitably met, and where ecological limits are observed.